Social consciousness was in a state of flux. Oral contraceptives had been available in the U.S. for several years but were banned in Canada. Sodomy had been decriminalized in the U.K. in 1967. Medical professionals and activists called for the legalization of abortion in circumstances where the pregnancy caused immediate danger to the mother. And George Klippert was convicted of “gross indecency” for having consensual gay sex — and because he was determined to be “incurably homosexual,” he was sentenced to indefinite “preventive” detention (essentially a life sentence, which the Supreme Court of Canada later upheld).
On Dec. 21, 1967, Justice Minister and future Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Elliot Trudeau responded by introducing Omnibus Bill C-150, which amended the Criminal Code of Canada. It decriminalized homosexuality, made abortion possible, legalized contraception, tweaked gambling and gun laws, and more. It passed on May 14, 1969, coming into force on the eve of the Stonewall riots in New York City. When introducing the bill, he famously told CBC,
42 years later, it keeps trying.